Innovation Research

The Process Of Health Technology Innovation


Denend L, Venook R, Pamnani R, Sheth K, Towles J. Lessons from Developing a Rubric for Evaluating Need Statements on Health Technology Innovation Projects. Biomedical Engineering Education.

Chua J, Kan E, Lee P, Shorey S. Application of the Stanford Biodesign Framework in Healthcare Innovation Training and Commercialization of Market Appropriate Products: A Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Systems.


Brown C, Bhatti Y, Harris M. Environmental Sustainability in Healthcare Systems: Role of Frugal Innovation. British Medical Journal.

Aalami O, Hittle M, Ravi V, Griffin A, Schmiedmayer P, Shenoy V, Gutierrez S, Venook R. CardinalKit: Open-Source Standards-Based, Interoperable Mobile Development Platform to Help Translate the Promise of Digital Health. JAMIA Open.

Maddineni S, Kumar W. The Need for Need-Finding in Medical Education. Nature Biotechnology.

Denend L, Spielman S, Venook R, Pamnani R, Camarillo D, Wall J, Towles J. Using an Accelerated Undergraduate Needs Finding Course to Build Skills, Inspire Confidence, and Promote Interest in Health Technology Innovation. Biomedical Engineering Education.

Herrmann JE, Spielman S, Venook R, Yock P, Denend L. Lessons from Developing Multimedia Learning Materials for the Digital Generation. Biomedical Engineering Education.


Kiriyama H, Kakihiana T, Maeda Y, Sugimoto M, Machida M, Inoue T, Ikeno F, Komuro I, Ono M. Cultivating Design Thinking Skills Through the Biodesign Process in JapanBMJ Innovations.

Denend L, YockPG, Makower J, Azagury DE, Wall JK. Are We Making a Difference? A Case Study of Assessment in Innovation TrainingThe Bridge.


Denend L, Xu S, Yock P, Venook R. Biomedical Technology Innovation Education and Its Effect on Graduate Student Careers Over 17 YearsBiomedical Engineering Education.

Mokarram,N, Denend L, Lyon J, Rait D, Brinton T, Makower J, Yock P. Need Statements in Healthcare InnovationAnnals of Biomedical Engineering.

Fuerch J, Wang P, Van Wert R, Denend L. Turning Practicing Surgeons Into Health Technology Innovators: Outcomes From the Stanford Biodesign Faculty FellowshipSurgical Innovation.


Dharmawan R, Ho H, Ng HHM, Iyer NG, Tan HK, Tan NC. Implementing the Biodesign Process for Medical Device Innovation in Head and Neck Surgery. Surgical Innovation.

Augustin DA, Chertow GM, Azagury DE. Innovation in Hemodialysis: Using the Biodesign Process to Identify Unmet Needs. Journal of Vascular Access.

Denend L, McCutcheon S, Regan M, Sainz M, Yock P, Azagury D. Analysis of Gender Perceptions in Health Technology: A Call to Action. Annals of Biomedical Engineering.

Perrone K, Blevins K, Denend L, Fan R, Huelman J, Wall J. Initial Experiences with Virtual Reality as a Tool for Observation in Needs-Driven Health Technology Innovation. BMJ Innovations.


Kyokan M, Ikeno F, Yagi M, Di Carlo S. Addressing Challenges in Humanitarian Surgical Care through Hackathons: Report on a Tokyo Hackathon and the Award-Winning Projects it Generated. BMJ Innovations.

Augustin DA, Yock CA, Wall J, Lucian L, Krummel T Pietzsch JB, Azagury DE. Stanford's Biodesign Innovation Program: Teaching Opportunities for Value-Driven Innovation in Surgery. Surgery.


Lee S, Jabloner A. Institutional Culture Is the Key to Team Science. Nature Biotechnology.

Steinberger JD, Denend L, Azagury DE, Brinton TJ, Makower J, Yock PG. Needs-Based Innovation in Interventional Radiology: The Biodesign Process. Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology.


Wall J, Hellman E, Denend L, Rait D, Venook R, Lucian L, Azagury D, Yock PG, Brinton TJ. “ The Impact of Postgraduate Health Technology Innovation Training: Outcomes of the Stanford Biodesign Fellowship.” Annals of Biomedical Engineering.

Zeitler EP, Al-Khatib SM, Slotwiner D, Kumar UN, Varosy P, Van Wagoner DR, Marcus GM, Kusumoto FM, Blum L. “Proceedings from Heart Rhythm Society’s Emerging Technologies Forum, Boston, MA, May 12, 2015.” Heart Rhythm.


Iqbal CW, Wall J, Harrison MR. “Challenges and Climate of Business Environment and Resources To Support Pediatric Device Development.” Seminars in Pediatric Surgery.

Menon J, Risking DJ. “Technological Innovation and Ethical Response in Neurosurgery,” Virtual Mentor.

Wall J, Wynne E, Krummel T. “Biodesign Process and Culture to Enable Pediatric Medical Technology Innovation,” Seminars in Pediatric Surgery.


Azagury DE. “Patient Safety and Surgical Innovation – Complementary or Mutually Exclusive?Patient Safety in Surgery.

Krummel, TM. “Forecasting innovation in Surgery.” Annals of Surgery.


Azagury, DE. “Medical Technology Innovation: Why Get Involved and How?Review Médicale Suisse

Brinton TJ, Kurihara CQ, Camarillo DB, Pietzsch JB, Gorodsky J, Zenios SA, Doshi R, Shen C, Kumar UN, Mairal A, Watkins J, Popp RL, Wang PJ, Makower J,Krummel TM, Yock PG. “Outcomes from a Postgraduate Biomedical Technology Innovation Training Program: The First 12 Years of Stanford Biodesign,” Annals of Biomedical Engineering.

Nimgaonkar A, Yock PG, Brinton TJ, Krummel T, Pasricha PJ. “Gastroenterology and Biodesign: Contributing to the Future of Our Specialty,” Gastroenterology.


Yock PG, Brinton TJ, Zenios SA. “Teaching Biomedical Technology Innovation as a Discipline,” Science Translational Medicine


Chao KZ, Riskin DJ, Krummel TM. “A Patient-Centered, Ethical Approach to Medical Device Innovation,” Virtual Mentor.


Kaafarani H, Mery CM, Chokshi NK, Williams M. “Careers in Surgical Research: Basic Science, Clinical Research, Health Policy, and Surgical Innovation,” Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons.

Krummel, TM. “Inventing Our Future: Training the Next Generation of Surgeon Innovators,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery.


Krummel TM, Shafi BM, Wall J, Chandra V, Mery C, Gertner M. “Intellectual Property and Royalty Streams in Academic Departments: Myths and Realities,” Surgery.


Mery CM, Cooke DT, Chandra V, Shafi BM, Tavakkolizadeh A, Varghese TK. “The Road to Innovation: Emerging Technologies in Surgery,” Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons.


Popp RL, Lorell BH, Stone GW, Laskey W, Smith JJ, Kaplan AV. “An Outline for Public Registration of Clinical Trials Evaluating Medical Devices,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Riskin DJ, Longaker MT, Gertner M, Krummel TM. “Innovation in Surgery: A Historical Perspective,” Annals of Surgery.

Krummel TM, Gertner M, Makower J, Milroy C, Gurtner G, Woo R, Riskin DJ, Binyamin G, Connor JA, Mery CM, Shafi BM, Yock PG. “Inventing Our Future: Training the Next Generation of Surgeon Innovators,” Seminars in Pediatric Surgery.

Riskin DJ, Longaker MT, Krummel TM. “The Ethics of Innovation In Pediatric Surgery,” Seminars in Pediatric Surgery.


Popp, RL. “Conflict of Interest for Physician-Inventor Using a Device In Human Subjects,” American Heart Journal.

Popp, RL. “Innovation, Journal Reviewers, and Journal Editors: The Game Is Worth the Candle,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology


Wolk MJ, Popp RL, Smith SC Jr, Demaria AN. “President’s Page: The Trust Imperative: Ethical Choice Always Puts Patients First,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology.